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Reservation Policy Has Issues, But Losing Your Seat To Someone Else Isn’t One of Them

Recently, a viral Facebook post described how a general category student had written a Quora answer about a reserved category student who worked less, scored even lesser, yet could get what the first guy could not, because of reservation. The post had nearly 10,000 likes.

This flawed logic has often been used to criticize reservations. There definitely is a lot to criticize the reservation policy and the related politics, but moaning over the seat that couldn’t be yours is not one of those ways.

I couldn’t get into a top IIT despite being at a comfortable position on the merit list. I couldn’t manage one of the top three IIMs despite being in the top half-percentile. But I never complained. I already knew what I was up for; and the challenge of bypassing reservations did not present itself to me unwarned. It’s unfortunate how students personalize the whole argument instead of talking – or even knowing, in most cases – about the bigger picture of caste in the country.

It suddenly seems to become an issue when it hits them as a person. Continuously ignoring the bigger picture in the face of personal struggles is unfortunate. The fight must be about the bigger cause rather than about petty personal examples which only make one look like a loser.

Reservations are not about some people receiving benefits they do not deserve. It is about neutralising a disadvantage accumulated through generations, which they did not deserve.
Here’s a simple calculation:

Let us assume a sample set of 1000 applicants who take an exam (700 general, 300 reserved). A general student X ranks 500 (overall), 450 (general). A reserved category student Y ranks 600 (overall), 80 (reserved). This means in the top 500, there are 450 general students and 50 reserved students. And in the bottom 500, there are 250 general students and 250 reserved students.

Assuming that the top 400 general students and top 100 reserved students get through, X has not made it. X is now upset because Y got through.

Now, if X and Y would have got equal benefits for the last 500 years, then ideally, the top 500 would have 350 general students and 150 reserved students – and same for the bottom 500. So, the number of students who would have performed same as or better than X is more than 450 general + 150 reserved = 600. His rank would be worse than 600, and he would anyway not have made it.

So, when X complains over this logic, he is complaining about a seat that was anyway likely not his. Giving it to him without recognizing the context of previous generations legitimizes the past atrocities which today limit the chances of those the seats are reserved for.

My argument has nothing to do with any of these valid points: quality of merit in top institutions getting affected because of this; deserving students not benefitting from reservation; undeserving doctors, engineers coming out to work and putting lives at risk; reservation policy reduced to vote bank politics, and so on. The features of the policy and what we have made out of it deserves scrutiny.

Had things been just all these centuries, the general category guy might not have got a seat anyway, irrespective of who replaces him on that seat. If one accepts this point, then the debate becomes whether this general category guy is sacrificing his seat for the deserving person – and the policy has a lot wanting there, as is usually, and rightfully discussed in the discourse around reservation.

The sole point I want to make through this post is that complaining based solely on a passion that comes from personal examples, is an incomplete, and sometimes, an ignorant struggle. When students do so, they often do not help the public discourse on caste and reservation. Rather, it degrades this topic, which deserves a wider discussion in so many aspects bigger than personal complaints.

(An edited version of this Facebook post.)

1 Response
  • Arvind
    Jan 26, 2017

    Nice post and well explained. Actually reservation is not problem the main problem is associated with this upper and lower Caste system in which 80% population of India is sacrificing it’s seat because they are not upper. Now upper don’t like to them in reserved also. Thankyou.

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